Books and publications
Rechtschaffener Tanzmeister, oder, gründliche Erklärung der frantzösischen Tantz-Kunst, Gottfried Taubert , Leipzig, 1717
Musicalisches Lexicon, J.G. Walther, Leipzig, 1732
An essay for the further improvement of dancing being a collection of figure dances, of several numbers, compos'd by the most eminent masters; describ'd in characters after the newest manner of Monsieur Feuillet , Raoul-Auger Feuillet
Recueil de dances , Raoul-Auger Feuillet, Paris, 1700
Apologie de la danse, F de Lauze (1623)
An Easy Introduction to Dancing: or the Movements in the Minuet Fully Explained, George Bickham, London, 1738
To understand the choregraphie of the danses, one has to follow the drawings. There is not only one choregraphie possible, it varies depending on the country and the dancers.
The importance is to get into the spirit of each dance by understanding the style, tempo, rythmic.
SECULAR MUSIC IN KÖTHEN
J.S Bach composed the 6 Suites for violoncello senza basso during the years he was “Anhalt-Köthen Prince's own musical director" at the court of Köthen between 1717 and 1723.
At that time, the Calvinist faith prohibited music in the church (organs were removed from churches). During his years in Kothen, Bach's composition were intended for the court. Among them, the Violin Sonatas and Partitas, the Brandenburg Concertos, the secular cantatas, Well-Tempered Clavier (BWV 846-869) and the Cello Suites.
Each Suite begins with a Prelude, an introduction to the harmonic journey that will be encountered in the Suite of dances. After the Prelude comes the Allemande...
"The passion or emotion in which a Courante should be performed is sweet hope. The melody has something heartfelt, yearning and pleasing : the many elements make up hope." Johann Mattheson , 1739, Hambourg
Small steps, to the side and sometimes back-and-forth.
Two types of courante:
- French : 3/2 ou 6/4 , tempo moderate
- Italian : 3/4 ou 3/8 , faster tempo
"the most serious one can find."
J.G. Walther, Musicalisches Lexicon, Leipzig, 1732
*Nuove inventioni di balli, de Cesare Negri Milanese, 1604